Epi Notes

Epi Notes is published 2-4 times each year by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control Bureau of Disease Control. Issues contain articles on

  • epidemiology of reportable conditions;
  • surveillance and reporting of diseases/conditions, outbreaks, and events of public health significance;
  • prevention and treatment of disease;
  • and other topics of interest to DHEC's disease reporting partners

The occasional "Ask Epi" column addresses frequently asked questions received in the Division of Acute Disease Epidemiology. "Epi Clips" present snapshots of data. Each winter, the Epi Notes reviews the changes in the SC DHEC List of Reportable Conditions. Each summer or early fall, the Epi Notes reviews changes in the School and Childcare Exclusion lists.

Epi Notes issues are emailed to disease reporting partners requesting to be in our subscriber database. To subscribe for email delivery of the Epi Notes , send a message to Epinotes@dhec.sc.gov, and include "Epi Notes" in the subject line. PDF copies are also available from this website.

We welcome your questions and comments. Questions about Epi Notes articles may be addressed to the DHEC Bureau of Disease Control (803.898.0861) or emailed to Epinotes@dhec.sc.gov.

Links to published issues for the Epi Notes back to Fall 2004, as well as links to individual articles, are found below.

Issues / Article Titles

  Spring 2021, Volume 40, Issue 1
  Winter 2021, Volume 39, Issue 1
  Winter 2020, Volume 38, Issue 1
  Fall 2019, Volume 37, Issue 1
  Winter 2019, Volume 36, Issue 1
  Winter 2018, Volume 35, Issue 1
  Botulism: Food Safety
  CRE and CRPA Reporting in SCION
  Dengue Virus Infections
  Update: Interim Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Pregnant Women with Possible Zika Virus Exposure
  Legionnaires' disease
  Pertussis Testing
  Updates to the List of Reportable Conditions for 2018
   
  Winter 2017, Volume 34, Issue 1
  Antimicrobial Stewardship Collaborative of South Carolina
  South Carolina Infectious Disease and Outbreak Network for Externals
  School and Childcare Exclusion List of 2017
  DHEC Bureau of Laboratories Provides Zika Testing
  Updates to the List of Reportable Conditions for 2017
  Chickenpox (Varicella)
  Acute Flaccid Myelitis
   
  Winter 2016, Volume 33, Issue 1
  South Carolina Infectious Disease and Outbreak Network for Externals
  Updates to the School and Childcare Exclusion List of 2016
  Updates to the SC 2016 List of Reportable Conditions
  South Carolina 2016 List of Reportable Conditions
  Meningococcal Vaccines: MCV4 and MenB
  Are You Signed Up for the South Carolina Health Alert Network?
   
  Winter 2015, Volume 32, Issue 1
  Updates to the List of Reportable Conditions
  Flu Seasons are Unpredictable: A look Back at Influenza
  School and Childcare Exclusion Updates for 2015
  C. diff Reporting by Laboratories
  Meaningful Use
  New Vaccine for Meningococcal B Disease
  Prevention of Congenital Syphilis Infection
  Prevention of Perinatal Hepatitis B
   
  Winter 2014, Volume 31, Issue 1
  Updates to the List of Reportable Conditions for 2014
  New Contact Numbers for Disease Reporting
  Contact Information for Animal Bite Reports / Medical Consultation for Animal Bites
  Updated DHEC 1129 (disease reporting) form for 2014
   
  Fall 2013, Volume 30, Issue 1
  Prevention of Perinatal Hepatitis B Infection
  Updates to the School and Childcare Exclusion Lists for the 2013-2014 Academic Year
  New Contact Numbers for Disease Reporting
  Contact Information for Animal Bite Reports / Medical Consultation for Animal Bites
  Health Alert Network
  Outbreaks by the Numbers
  Year to Date Reportable Disease Snapshot
   
  Fall 2012, Volume 29, Issue 2
  Upcoming Changes in the 2013 List of Reportable Conditions
  Updates to the School and Childcare Exclusion Lists for the 2012-2013 Academic Year
  West Nile Virus Activity Increases in US and SC in 2012
  Epi Clips: Take Action to Prevent the Spread of Flu Viruses between People and Swine
  Epi Clips: Varicella Case Reporting (chart)
  Epi Clips: Outbreaks by the Numbers

Winter 2012, Volume 29, Issue 1

  Changes in the 2012 List of Reportable Conditions
  Revised Requirement for Animal Bite Reporting
  Epi Clips: Outbreaks Investigated by SC DHEC, 2009-2010 - Etiologic Agents and Routes of Transmission

Fall 2011, Volume 28, Issue 2

  Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in the Office Setting: Expanding the Role of Practicing Physicians in the Public-Private Disease Control Partnership
  * South Carolina Board of Medical Examiners PEP Policy for STDs
  Update on CLABSI Reporting
(Central-Line Associated Blood Stream Infections)
  Web Resources to Bookmark (compiled from DHEC Website)
  Epi Clips: Animal Rabies in SC-Testing and Reporting

2011 Issue 1 (Winter 2011), Vol. XXVIII, No. 1

  Pertussis in Adolescents and Adults: Nothing to Cough At!
  Changes in the List of Reportable Conditions for 2011

Summer 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 3

  South Carolina 2009-2010 Influenza Season Surveillance Summary
  Changes in School and Childcare Exclusion Lists for the 2010-2011 School Year
  Update on Influenza: What You Need to Know for the Upcoming Season
  Ask Epi: Lyme Disease -- Long-term Therapy for Lyme Disease -- or Not?

Spring 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 2: Special Antimicrobial Resistance Issue

  Bad Bugs Including No ESKAPE -- Antimicrobial Resistance in Hospitals and Communities Continues to Challenge
  Over-Prescribing of Antibiotics: Truly Not a Benign Practice
  SC Careful Antibiotic Use (SC CAUse): Resources for the Practicing Clinician

Winter 2010, Vol. XXVII, No. 1

  Are you using 2009 H1N1 Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine (LAIV) in your Practice?
  Ask Epi: Perspective on the Effectiveness of Influenza Vaccines
  Changes in the 2010 List of Reportable Conditions: Influenza
  Changes to the SC List of Reportable Conditions for 2010
  Syndromic Surveillance in South Carolina

Fall 2009-Supplement, Vol. XXVI, No. 6: Special Pandemic H1N1 Flu Issue

  Perspectives on the Evolving H1N1 Influenza Pandemic
  Thanksgiving Food Safety

Fall 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 5

  Brucellosis
  Influenza Season Update
  Influenza Vaccination for 2009-10: Seasonal and Novel H1N1

Summer 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 4

  Changes in the 2009-2010 School and Childcare Exclusion Lists
  Hospital Infection Disclosure Act (HIDA) Update
  Influenza Season Update
  Rabies Vaccine and Rabies Immune Globulin Procurement Change
  Summer Food Safety: Safe Grilling Practices
  Summertime Salmonella

Winter 2009, Vol. XXVI, No. 2

  Ask Epi: Prevention and Treatment of Influenza during Pregnancy
  Better, Faster, Smarter: Using SCIONx for Reportable Conditions
  Changes in Reporting for Haemophilus influenzae for 2009
  Changes in the 2009 List of Reportable Conditions
  Changes in Varicella Reporting for 2009
  List of Reportable Conditions for Laboratories
  Public Health Clinical Liaisons
  South Carolina 2008-2009 Influenza Season Surveillance Update
  Vibrio Spotlight

Fall (Back-to-School) 2008, Vol. XXVI, No. 1

  2008 Recommendation of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Regarding Influenza Vaccine and Antiviral Agents
  Ask Epi: New Recommendations for Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for Hepatitis A
  Back to School Appointments? Think MRSA!
  Back to School: Changes in the School and Childcare Exclusion Lists
  Outpatient Management Of Skin And Soft Tissue Infections In The Era Of Community-Associated MRSA (Algorithm)
  South Carolina 2007-2008 Influenza Season Surveillance Update
  Spotlight on Salmonella
  Update on Salmonella Saintpaul Multistate Outbreak - South Carolina Perspective
  Hospital Infection Disclosure Act (HIDA)

Winter 2008, Vol. XXV, No. 12

  Changes in the SC 2008 List of Reportable Conditions
  DHEC Adds Human Illness with Avian or Novel Influenza A as Reportable Condition
  Electronic Disease Reporting
  Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Laboratory Tests)
  New List of Reportable Diseases for Laboratories
  Polio Surveillance Update - Rationale for Maintaining Vigilance Both for (i) Poliomyelitis, Paralytic and (ii) Poliovirus Infection, Nonparalytic
  Required Laboratory Reporting of Bloodstream Infections Caused by MRSA
  Syndromic Surveillance in South Carolina

Fall 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 11

  Ask Epi: Infectious Disease Information
  Help DHEC Identify the Circulating Strains for Influenza Virus in South Carolina
  Help DHEC Measure Influenza Burden in South Carolina
  Neisseria gonorrhea Antimicrobial Resistance: Important Considerations for the Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Infections
  Public Health Clinical Liaisons: Assisting South Carolina Medical Practices with Pandemic Influenza Preparedness
  Rabies and World Rabies Day
  ReachSC and South Carolina Health Alert Network
  Surveillance for Botulism in South Carolina

Summer 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 10

  2005 Annual Report on Notifiable Conditions in South Carolina
  Acute Retroviral Syndrome
  CDC Annual Report "Annual assessment of Progress Towards Goals to Prevent Perinatal HBV Transmission"
  Changes in the School and Child Care Exclusion Lists for the 2007-2008 School Year
  Leptospirosis
  Merck Vaccine Patient Assistance Program - What you need to know

Spring 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 9b

  Brucellosis
  HPV Disease in the United States and South Carolina and the HPV Vaccine
  Laboratory Testing of Shiga-Toxin Producing Escherichia coli
  Norovirus
  Preventing Illnesses and Injuries associated with Animal Contact Settings

Winter 2007, Vol. XXV, No. 9a

  Changes in HIV Test Reporting
  Changes in the SC 2007 List of Reportable Conditions
  Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
  How to Report Cases of Botulism
  Important Dates When Reporting Diseases
  New Reporting Guidelines for Toxins
  Revised Cholera and Other Vibrio Illness Reporting Requirement
  Revised E. Coli Reporting Requirement
  Seasonal Influenza Surveillance and Reporting 2006-07
  Update for Reporting Meningococcal Disease

Fall 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 8

  ACIP Recommendations for New Rotavirus Vaccine
  SCIONx Hospital Deployment
  Cryptosporidiosis: Is a Change in Test Methodology Identifying More Cases?
  Mumps
  Rabies Update
  South Carolina Immunization Registry
  The South Carolina Health Alert Network

Summer 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 7: Influenza Special Issue

  Avian Influenza in Birds
  Immunization Update: Influenza Vaccination for Health-care Personnel
  Pandemic Influenza [Overview]
  Pandemic Influenza Planning: On Your doorstep!
  Preparing for a Pandemic: The Psychosocial challenges
  Prevention and Control of Influenza for 2006: New and Updated Recommendations
  S.C. Human Pandemic Influenza Monitoring Systems
  SC DHEC Media Relations [What do you do to prevent the flu?]
  Teleconference: "Influenza Update for Physician Office Laboratories: September 26, 2006 from 1-2 PM ET
  Updated Interim Guidance for Laboratory Testing of Persons with Suspected Infection with Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Virus in the United States

Spring 2006, Vol. XXV, No. 6

  Avian Influenza
  Ciguatera Fish Poisoning from Fish Caught off the Coast of South Carolina
  Immunization Requirements for Child Day Care Facilities and Schools
  New Hepatitis B Immunization Recommendations from the ACIP
  School and Childcare Exclusion Lists
  South Carolina Needs More Participation in the Sentinel Influenza Surveillance Providers Network
  Time to Order Influenza Vaccine for the 2006-07 Season
  Varicella Disease - A Review and an Update on New Recommendations for Vaccination
  West Nile Virus in the 2006-07 Season

Winter 2006, Volume XXV, No. 5

  Addition of Yersiniosis to the 2006 List of Reportable Conditions
  Ask Epi: Post-Exposure Prophylaxis after Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis [Pertussis, Rabies, Hepatitis A]
  Change in Reporting Antibiotic Resistant Organisms [VRE, Strep pneumoniae]
  Changes in the SC 2006 List of Reportable Conditions
  "Get the Point" Program
  Removal of Laboratory Reported HTLV-I and HTLV-II Infections from the 2006 South Carolina List of Reportable Conditions

Fall 2005, Volume XXV, No. 4

  Antiviral Drugs for Prophylaxis and Treatment of Influenza
  Human Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Infection Associated with Rodents
  Immunization Update: General, Influenza, Meningococcal
  Pertussis Deaths in Infants
  Preventing Illnesses and Injuries associated with Animal Contact Settings
  PulseNet
  Reporting of Streptococcus pneumoniae, Invasive Disease
  Revised School and Childcare Exclusion Lists
  South Carolina Influenza Surveillance 2005-06 Season
  The Overwhelming Challenge of Community Associated MRSA (CA-MRSA)
  To PPD or Not to PPD -- An Issue Revisited on the Utility of Tuberculin skin Tests for Low Risk Persons
  Update on Tuberculosis in South Carolina

Winter 2005, Volume XXV, No. 3

  Ask Epi: TB Skin Testing after BCG
  Change in Rapid Influenza Test Surveillance (for 2005)
  Changes in the SC 2005 List of Reportable Conditions and Why Disease Reporting is Important!
  Got Shigella? A Community Responds
  Pediatric Influenza-related Deaths Surveillance
  Revised Listeriosis Reporting Requirement
  Surveillance for Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) will begin in SC in 2005
  Surveillance of Aseptic Meningitis

June 2004, Volume XXV, No. 2

  Ask Epi: IgM False Positives
  Ask Epi: IgM in Febrile Rash Illness
  Enhanced Surveillance for Chlamydia in Women-South Carolina, 1998-2002
  Table: Clinical Symptoms, Food-Related Agents to Consider
  Update on Foodborne Illness in S.C.
  West Nile Virus - 2003 Summary and the Upcoming Season
 

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