Construction & Demolition Debris

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Construction & Demolition Debris

Construction and demolition (C&D) debris is non-hazardous solid waste generated during the construction, remodeling, repair or demolition of homes, buildings, roads and bridges. C&D debris includes:

•    Kitchen cabinets and sinks;
•    Bathroom sinks, vanities, tubs and toilets;
•    Doors;
•    Energy-efficient windows;
•    Hardwood flooring;
•    Stone or solid-surface countertops
•    Lighting fixtures;
•    Furniture;
•    Non-hazardous painted, treated and coated wood;
•    Gypsum wallboard;
•    Working, newer appliances; 
•    Bricks, concrete, rock and other masonry material; and
•    Landscape material.

C&D debris comprises a significant waste stream. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency estimates that about 600 million tons of C&D debris was generated nationwide in 2018 – more than twice the total amount of municipal solid waste created. Given that amount, some states and municipalities have implemented mandatory recovery requirements for C&D debris.  

In South Carolina, more than 3.6 million tons of C&D debris was disposed of in fiscal year 2020 (July 1, 2019 to June 30, 2020)  – accounting for more than 38 percent of the total solid waste thrown away in the state.

Most C&D debris, however, can be diverted from disposal and converted into productive uses. The environmental and economic benefits include:

•    Reducing waste;
•    Avoiding extraction of raw material;
•    Conserving resources; 
•    Saving landfill space;
•    Helping create local jobs;
•    Supporting local markets and businesses; 
•    Earning revenue from the sale of salvaged material; and
•    Saving money. 

Proper Management of C&D Debris

Builders/contractors and residents can reduce C&D debris disposal through best management practices such as source reduction, salvaging, reuse and recycling. Learn more below:

•    Builders/Contractors
•    Residents

The sustainable management of C&D debris helps all stakeholders save money. Builders/contractors can reduce costs through avoided disposal fees and/or not having to buy additional material. Homeowners may be able to lower building or renovation costs as well as qualify for a tax benefit when recovered material is donated to qualified 501(c)(3) non-profits.

Additional Information


Builders/contractors and residents should be aware of the required management of asbestos-containing material. Learn more here.

C&D Debris on Personal Property

Homeowners never should allow or use C&D debris – including concrete – on their property to fill a ravine or gully without checking with DHEC for permitting requirements. If improperly managed, the landowner may be subject to a fine.

Secure Vehicle Loads

Builders/contractors and residents are required by law to secure all loads of material to prevent any from escaping the vehicle. Learn more here.